A Many-Core Platform Implemented for Multi-Channel Seizure Detection

Abstract:

This paper presents a reconfigurable many-core
platform performing fixed point DSP applications supporting up
to 64 cores routed in a hierarchical network. To demonstrate
an application, electroencephalogram (EEG) seizure detection
and analysis is mapped onto the cores. The individual cores
are based on a 5 stage RISC pipeline architecture optimized
to support communication to other cores on the platform. To
reconfigure the platform, programs are loaded onto each of the
cores. Communication between cores is implemented using lowarea
routers that partitions computational cores into hierarchical
clusters resulting in a low network diameter. The routers
use a packet-switched protocol that minimizes circuitry which
further reduces circuit size in comparison to the computational
circuitry. A globally asynchronous, locally synchronous (GALS)
architecture is implemented to eliminate global clock routing
which consumes high levels of power due to long propagatation
and thus high capacitive loading from many cores. Additionally,
cores not configured for an application has its local clock disabled
which turns off unused cores. The overall result is a platform
with lower power consumption than a traditional single core
DSP with the reconfigurability lacking in an ASIC. Applications
tested within the mapping include the Fast Fourier Transform
(FFT) and Finite Impulse Response (FIR) filter. The seizure
detection and analysis algorithm, when mapped onto the manycore
platform, takes 5663 cycles to execute in 14.45 Ás. The
prototype SoC is implemented in 65 nm CMOS which contains
64 cores and occupes 8.41 mm2.

Paper

BibTeX Entry

@INPROCEEDINGS{MC:ISCAS,
    author={Bisasky, J. and Mohsenin, T.},
    booktitle={Circuits And Systems, 2012. ISCAS 2012. IEEE International Conference on}, 
    title=A Many-Core Platform Implemented for Multi-Channel Seizure Detection},
    year={2012},
    month={May.},
    pages={},
    doi={}
}